How Did We Get The 10 Commandments?

A Survey of Genesis & Exodus

In preparation for Danny Singleton’s upcoming sermon on the 10 Commandments, we are going to cover the path of God’s people from the Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden to Moses on Mt. Sinai.

From Adam to Egypt

Brace yourself, this is going to go fast…


Adam was created by God. He was the first man on earth. As logic would have it, we are all “descendants” of Adam. But that’s not why I’m telling you this. We are going to trace the lineage of Jesus Christ -through Adam of course- as far as Moses, the subject of this lesson.

A Timeline

We are going to look at this as a timeline. In order to understand the significance of the Old Testament events in relationship with the ones in the New Testament, you also need to have a basic understanding of how our modern world’s calendar relates to the birth of Jesus. Basically, our calendar starts with Jesus’ birth and begins counting upward for every year that passes afterward. This lesson was taught in 2011 AD which means that this year marks the 2,011th year since Jesus was born. Everything that happened before 1 AD is categorized as “BC” and counts backward. So the year 5 BC happened after the year 6 BC, and so on. Check out this article for a more thorough explanation. Got it? Too much math? Sorry, here’s the timeline for this lesson:

Moses’ Place in the Lineage of Jesus

Adam’s lineage is documented in Genesis 5, all the way up to Noah (yeah, Noah’s Ark). After the flood, you can trace the lineage of Noah in Genesis 10 all the way up to the story of the Tower of Babel. In the second part of Chapter 11, the lineage continues until the birth of Abram. Abram’s dad (Terah) moved from Ur (in present day southern Iraq) to Haran (at the present day border between Syria and Turkey). At God’s command, Abram and his wife Sarai moved their family to Canaan where he was promised that he would father a great nation. During Abram’s travels, he amassed great wealth and his family grew. Eventually, God made a covenant with Abram (whose name he changed to Abraham, see timeline above) and his wife Sarai (changed to Sarah), through their son Isaac. This covenant solidified that the offspring of Abraham (and all of his predecessors) would eventually father the lineage of the Messiah, Jesus Christ.

Abraham’s son Isaac was the father of Jacob, whose name was changed by God to Israel (hence the name of the nation of God’s chosen people, the Jews). Israel/Jacob was the father of Joseph (the guy with the coat of many colors), who was sold into slavery in Egypt by his jealous brothers (Genesis 37).

(This lesson is a past lesson that we are still in the process of adding to the blog) To Be Continued…

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